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Pablo Neruda
Literary Movement
Theme Analysis
Imagery Analysis
Style Analysis
Literary Devices
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Theme Analysis

Pablo Neruda was part of the Surrealist Movement, since the Spanish Civil War influenced him and his political beliefs were controversial; Neruda was part of the Surrealist movement because he was a communist, or his political ideas were likewise, and afterwards he had to exile to Isla Negra in 1953, where he wrote more poems, being his major themes political, saturated, dreamy, passionate, and most of them had the tone of a rebel person who does not want to go along with the government, or the usual.


In his poems, Neruda cannot stand the fact that he was banished from Chile, and that not everything is going according to his ideas. Some of his poems also are very deep in meaning, and others are very erotic and intimate. An example of his surrealist work is "Odes to Common Things," which is a collection of different types of poems that are odes to very common things such as a box, a cup of tea, and bread.


Neruda represents himself in his literature, being a Surrealist poet, and expresses his situations with deep emotions. There are poems like in the book "Twenty Poems of Love and a Song of Despair" that the poems are very passionate, most of the poems are dedicated to a lost love, and writes to her with sorrow, desperation, and melancholy. Neruda's surrealism cannot be confused with romanticism; there are specific characteristics in his poems that make him a surrealist poet. He writes with passion -but not only about love,- he writes about himself, his feelings, his political view, his surroundings, and he writes about the common things that he sees and he believe they are special enough to write about them.

Website Courtesy Of: Ariat Cruz, Cristina Loreto, and Iyari Tolmos; Coral Gables Senior High , 12th AP/IB World Author Web Site Project. 2007.